A Job Safety/Hazard Analysis is a step-by-step process for completing a job or task safely. A JSA/JHA identifies hazards for a specific task or group of tasks. This is unlike general Hazard Identification which looks for hazards throughout the workplace.
A JSA/JHA message from our President and CEO Wayne LeBlanc.
When to Use a JSA/JHA?
A JSA/JHA may be completed for any task. Companies use a JSA/JHA when the task has more than a few steps, when others are involved, or if the task is particularly complex. Company policy also dictates when JSA/JHA's are to be completed.
A word of caution. Employees may feel overburdened due to volumes of paperwork and forms. They may tune us out as a result, therefore making our processes less effective. It is important to keep your JSA/JHA simple and to avoid the temptation to "load it up" with extraneous information.
The Four Steps to a JSA/JHA
1. Identify the Job
2. Break Down the Job into Steps
Imagine each action or step as it will be executed. Don't make the steps too tedious, rather think more in broad strokes.
3. Determine the Hazards for Each Step
Consider the first step. Think through what actions will be taking place during this step and where they will be performed. Next, think of all the possible hazards that may be present as you perform and complete this step. Once all potential hazards for this step have been identified, go on to the next step and repeat the process until all steps have been covered.
4. Control or Eliminate the Hazards
Determine the actions that must be taken to control or eliminate each hazard identified above.
A JSA/JHA takes the knowledge the company has provided to their employees through training, and reminds the employees to put this knowledge into action.
Below is a portion of a JSA/JHA for Changing a Tire.
The challenge to a successful JSA/JHA is the employee's ability to consistently identify the hazards for this specific job. Hazards can't be controlled when they are not identified.
Employees typically search for hazards randomly when lacking an organized process. The hazards identified are most often the typical ones. The JSA/JHA process produces less than optimal results when used without properly identifying every hazard.
A System to Identify Hazards
It is vitally important to train employees how to properly Identify Hazards. While there are different avenues available, the more successful companies use a cookbook-type approach. Determine all potential Hazards in general and then employees select the Hazards that are present right here, right now.
Below is a partial JSA for the same job as above, changing a tire, but using a systematic method to find hazards.
If you would like to begin the process, with no obligation, to determine what the potential investment would be, delivery process, etc. please click the link below and we will get the information right back to you.